E3S Web Conf.
Volume 62, 2018IX International Conference “Solar-Terrestrial Relations and Physics of Earthquake Precursors”
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Geophysical Fields and their Interactions|
|Published online||07 November 2018|
Fluctuations and nonlinear oscillations in complex natural systems
1 Institute of Cosmophysical Researches and Radio Wave Propagation FEB RAS
2 Pacific Oceanological Institute FEB RAS
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Resonance propagation of radiation in the ionosphere, solar activity, magnetic dynamos, lightning discharges, fracture processes, plastic deformations, seismicity, turbulence and hydrochemical variability are considered as examples of complex dynamical systems in which similar fluctuation and nonlinear oscillation regimes arise. Collective effects in the systems behavior and chaotic oscillations in individual subsystems, the ratio of random and deterministic, the analysis of variability factors and the change of dynamic regimes, the scaling relation between the elements of the system and the interaction of scales are discussed. It is shown that consolidation and branching in disruptions or thunderstorm activity is the transfer of disturbances to up and down of cascades as in turbulence, and the alpha-omega effects of the magnetic dynamo are the same cascade processes, but in the presence of an external magnetic field or rotation that removes the degeneracy in the system by directions. Particular attention is paid to natural generators and oscillation amplifiers, in which the Lorentz triplet plays the role of a universal model of a nonlinear oscillator.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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