E3S Web Conf.
Volume 68, 2018The 1st Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues 2018 (1st SRICOENV 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Promoting Environment System|
|Published online||27 November 2018|
Habitat Characterization of Mansonia spp as Filariasis Vector in Banyuasin, South Sumatra, Indonesia
1 Ph.D student, Environmental Science, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia
2 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia
3 Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural science, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia
4 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural science, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia
5 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia
6 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia
7 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang, Palembang, Indonesia
Filariasis is caused by microfilariae parasites transmitted through mosquitoes, one of which is Mansonia spp. Environmental characteristics are crucial component for vector control in handling filariasis because they indicate mosquitoes’ range of survival. This study aimed to determine the environmental characteristics in the abundance of Mansonia spp. This study was conducted in two lowland areas located in Sedang and Muara Sugih Village, Indonesia, April 2017-April 2018. Environmental characteristics were determined by thermometers and sling hygrometers, and sampling for physical and chemical properties of water. Sedang Village had larger quantity of Mansonia spp variances compared to Muara Sugih, with 6 species and 5 species found respectively. Muara Sugih was slightly higher in temperature and humidity. Sedang water had higher turbidity, higher temperature, higher pH, lower BOD-COD, lower TDS-TSS, with higher coliform counts. Sedang dominant land utilization was plantations, while Muara Sugih was rice field. The dominant aquatic plant in Sedang was Pistia stratiotes and Muara Sugih was Oryza sativa. Differences in temperature, humidity, water parameters, aquatic plants, and land utilization factors resulted in discrepancy of Mansonia spp abundance.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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