E3S Web Conf.
Volume 68, 2018The 1st Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues 2018 (1st SRICOENV 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Promoting Environment System|
|Published online||27 November 2018|
The Effectiveness of BCG (Bacillus-Calmette Guerin) Immunization to the Tuberculosis Incidence on Children at Banyuasin Regency
Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya, South Sumatera, Indonesia
Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccine is still the only licensed vaccine against Tuberculosis (TB), with an estimated global coverage of 85%. However, although the vaccine has been established, discussions about its benefits and shortcomings continue.The coverage of immunization is appropriate with the target, but still the occurrence of child TB cases raises a problem of its own. This studywas a non-experimental study with study design was Case Control Study by retrospective. The effectiveness of BCG immunization in this study is 85%, meaning that children are given BCG 85% immunization will be protected from Tuberculocis (TB) disease. If the child does not get BCG immunization will increase the chances for the child, with OR = 6.87 (95% CI; 2.2 – 21.1) with p value = 0.000. It is suggested to Banyuasin regency Health Office to conduct the contact examination of house of children who are around TB positive patients periodically (monthly / at posyandu).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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