E3S Web Conf.
Volume 68, 2018The 1st Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues 2018 (1st SRICOENV 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Promoting Environment System|
|Published online||27 November 2018|
Freshwater Molluscs as Bioindicator of Fe and Mn Contamination in Lematang River, South Sumatera, Indonesia
Heavy metal in river come mainly from naturally occurring geochemical materials. However, human activities has enhanced concentration of heavy metal such as coal mine in the case of pollution in Lematang River. The high suspended solid loads in the river can remove most soluble metals from the water and trapped them in the bottom sediment. Freshwater molluscs were collected 3 sampling site, Lahat (ST1) as reference site, and polluted rivers of West Merapi (ST2) and East Merapi (ST2). Freshwater molluscs were analysed for the heavy metal contents in tissue. Relationships of the heavy metal in sediment to the heavy metal content in molluscs was performed using SPSS 24. Thiara scabra was the most abundant taxa in sampling area. Concentration of Fe and Mn in sediment has no significant effect on the Fe content in mollusc tissues. Molluscs appeared to more sensitive to higher Mn content. This study did not clearly show molluscs as a bioaccumulator for metal. Nonetheless, Thiara scabra were common, abundant, easily sampled and it is a useful choice as bioindicator in Lematang river for future study.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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