E3S Web Conf.
Volume 68, 2018The 1st Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues 2018 (1st SRICOENV 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Mitigation and Adaptation in Climate Change in Wetland|
|Published online||27 November 2018|
Dynamics, Degradation and Future Challenges of Wetlands in South Sumatra Province, Indonesia
Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sriwijaya, South Sumatra, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paperaims to analyzedynamics, degradation and future challenges of wetlands in South Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Research methods using Focus Group Discussion (FGD), research data and information are processedusing SPSS program. There are four dominant types of wetlands in South Sumatra, namely lebak swamps, tidal swamps, rivers, lakes, and peatlands. The area of lebakswamps has dominantly increased from year to year, while other wetlands have decreased extensively over the years. All species living in wetlands have decreased in number; the most dominant decline was experienced by fish, gymnosperm and fern and at least in moss and angiosperm. The main causes of wetlands degradation are weaken forcement and legal compliance of inadequate policies, reclamation and excessive drainage. Current efforts to protect the wetlands are restoration, groundwater control, fish population conservation and wetland reserves.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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