E3S Web Conf.
Volume 70, 201817th International Conference Heat Transfer and Renewable Sources of Energy (HTRSE-2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Chosen Energetical Problems|
|Published online||03 December 2018|
Thermodynamics aspects of a resonant method for detection and destruction of pathogens
1 Gdańsk School of Higher Education, Biskupia 24B, 80-875 Gdańsk, Poland
2 Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Fiszera 14, 80-231 Gdańsk, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the paper is to clarify the way by which pathogens in human body may be detected and destroyed during a flow of high frequency pulsating direct current (PDC), positively polarized, under the condition of electric resonance. The method was discovered by Dr. H. Clark. However she did not clarify the physical basis of the phenomenon. The authors consider the resonant method using principles of thermodynamics and electric current laws. The phenomena of inductance and capacitance are discussed. A measure of total resistance to PDC is represented by electric impedance (Z), which depends on the Ohm resistance (R), specific inductance (L), and capacitance (C).The analytical formula for resonance frequency fr as a function of conductance L and capacitance C is found. At the resonance the impedance goes to minimum and therefore the current intensity increases rapidly to its maximum value. Due to Joule-Lenz law the heat generation is proportional to the squared electric current intensity. This is manifested by sharp increase of a pathogen temperature. The temperature increase destroys pathogens. The second destructive action for pathogen comes from polarization forces which prevent a pathogen entrance to a body cell. The third positive thermodynamic aspect, with respect to pathogen destruction, comes from oscillatory heat generation which induces the oscillatory movements, local pressure fluctuation and leads to the mechanical destruction. It is worth to know that the method discussed above is valid for specific pathogen either alive or dead. It may be also used for detection of toxin, that is, inanimate matter. This was confirmed by Dr. Clark research.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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