E3S Web Conf.
Volume 73, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System (ICENIS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Energy Planning, Policy, and Management|
|Published online||21 December 2018|
Optimization of Biogas Production by Solid State Anaerobic Digestion (SS-AD) Method from Water Hyacinth with Response Surface Methodology (RSM)
Environmental Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Diponegoro University – Indonesia
2 Master Program of Environmental Science, School of Post Graduate Studies, Diponegoro Universtiy – Indonesia
3 Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Diponegoro University – Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Water hyacinth is one of the rapid growth rate water weed in Rawapening Lake. Water hyacinth contains high hemicellulose which can be used for biogas production. This.,research aims to.,know.,the optimum value of total.,solid (TS), C/N.,ratio and microbial consortium for the biogas production with SS-AD from water hyacinth. The variations used for TS are 15%, 27.5%, and 40%, for C/N ratio are 20, 35, and 50, for microbial consortium are 3%, 6%, 9%. Sixteen reactors of 2 litres volume used with the variations inside are determined by Central Composite Design in Statistica software. Results of the biogas production are then analysed using Response Surface Methodology for optimization. Based on the analysis, the optimum value of TS is in the range of 5%-10%, value of C/N ratio is 32.09, and microbial consortium is 7.26%. Reactor 10 with the TS 5.45%, C/N ratio 35, and microbial consortium 6% has the closest value to the optimum value. The production rate of reactor 10 then analysed using Polymath 6.0. The constant kinetics rate of biogas (U) production rate is 1.88mL/g TS day; maximum biogas production is 108.41 mL/g TS; the minimum.,time to form the biogas is 8.87 days.
Key words: biogas / water hyacinth / RSM / solid-state anaerobic digestion / optimization
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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