E3S Web Conf.
Volume 73, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System (ICENIS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Environmental Education, Planning and Policy|
|Published online||21 December 2018|
Environmental Law Politics and Malind Anim Indigenous People Rights Protection based on Free and Prior Informed Consent Principles
1 Faculty of Law, Musamus University, Merauke - Indonesia
2 Faculty of Engineering, Musamus Unibersity, Merauke - Indonesia
3 Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Musamus University, Merauke - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Indigenous peoples and the environment are two things that are difficult to separate, because they are interdependent. The regulation of environmental law in Indonesia and in the world generally regulates the protection of indigenous peoples’ rights of the environment. Over time, conflicts over the environment often occur due to the needs of development that exploit the indigenous peoples’ environment. The problem in this paper is to protect the rights of indigenous peoples and their customary environment based on the Principles of Free and Prior Informed Consent (FPIC). Based on FPIC principles, indigenous peoples' rights of their environment can be protected and it will not cause harm to the indigenous peoples. When governments and investors use the customary environment of the indigenous people for both public and economic development interests, they must pay respect and appreciation to the indigenous peoples in the using the environment based on FPIC principles. This research was conducted by analyzing the rules of law and the principles of law, and examining the relationship of environmental law issues and the regulations that exist. The conclusion of this paper is that the principles of FPIC is the concept of environmental protection on the rights of indigenous peoples which must be applied in the existing laws of environmental law in Indonesia to maintain legal certainty in protecting indigenous peoples' customary environment.
Key words: Law Politics / Environmental Protection / Indigenous people / FPIC principles
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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