E3S Web Conf.
Volume 73, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System (ICENIS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Environmental Management and Spatial Planning|
|Published online||21 December 2018|
Analysis of land use changes to the criticality level of the catchment area in eight watersheds that flow into Jakarta Bay, Indonesia
1 Master Program in Environmental Science, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang - Indonesia
2 Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang - Indonesia
3 Center for Coastal Rehabilitation and Disaster Mitigation Studies, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Environmental problems in Jakarta, especially flooding problem, is strongly influenced by the condition of eight watersheds that flow into Jakarta Bay, namely Bekasi, Cisadane, Angke Pesanggrahan, Ciliwung, Krukut, Cakung, Buaran and Sunter. The center-periphery relationship between Jakarta and surrounding areas triggered significant land use changes in the watershed, especially in the upstream area. This study aims to analyze land use changes in eight watersheds that flow into Jakarta Bay in 2000, 2009 and 2017 as well as their effect on the distribution of the criticality level of the catchment area, using Geographic Information System (GIS) refers to Planning Procedures for Forest and Land Rehabilitation Engineering Watershed. The criticality map of the catchment area was created by overlay and scoring slope infiltration map, soil infiltration map and rainfall infiltration map. The results showed that there was a significant increase in built-up area of 14,33% in 2000-2009 and 10,42% in 2009-2017. In contrast, the area of dry land farming decreased significantly by 12,99% in 2000-2009 and 5.96% in 2009-2017. Based on the criticality analysis of the catchment area, land use changes in study area, mainly due to urban growth, has a significant effect on the criticality level of the catchment area.
Key words: watershed / land use changes / catchment area
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.