E3S Web Conf.
Volume 73, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System (ICENIS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Environmental Health, Toxicology and Epidemiology|
|Published online||21 December 2018|
The potential leaves extract of Piper methysticum (piperaceae) as botanical insecticide against Crocidolomia pavonana (f.) larvae mortality (lepidoptera:crambidae)
Department of Agrotechnology , Agriculture of Faculty, Musamus University, Merauke - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The application of various agricultural technologies such as the using by fertilizers, pesticides, and clearing land will have resulted changes in the ecosystem. Using by insecticides can gived negative impact such as causing resistance, resurgensy and environmental pollution due to residues that can last a long time and are difficult to decompose, because it have compound among other carbon, chlorin, and hidrogen. Piper methysticum (Piperaceae) is one of plant which are used for medicine and social-cultural activitiy by Merauke community, Papua. Meanwhile, Crocidolomia pavonana (Lepidoptera:Crambidae) is one of major pest on the family Brassicaceae plants. The objective of this research was to effectiveness test for simple extract P. methysticum leaves as a botanical insecticide against C. pavonana larvae (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). The insecticide activities were assessed including mortality. Mortality tests using leaf wet method were seven concentrations (5 gr/100 ml, 10 gr/100 ml, 15 gr/100 ml, 20 gr/100 ml, 25 gr/100 ml, 30 gr /100 ml, 35 gr/ 100 ml) plus control. Each treatment was introduced ten C. pavonana instar 2nd larvaes and replicated five times. The results showed that extract P. methystichum leaves gave 22% mortality at 35 gr/100 ml water.
Key words: botanical insecticide / mortality / Piper methysticum
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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