E3S Web Conf.
Volume 73, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System (ICENIS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Technology, Culture and Society in Waste Management|
|Published online||21 December 2018|
Composition of Domestic Solid Waste on Biogas Production and Characteristic in MSW Landfill
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Organic solid waste will undergo a decomposition process and produces some gases compounds such as a large enough of Methane (CH4), Carbon Dioxide (CO2) with Oxygen (O2) and N2. The high heating value of CH4 in biogas can make biogas as a good source of renewable energy and environmentally friendly. Biogas calorie efficiency is proportional to the concentration of CH4 in biogas. However, the quantity and quality of biogas that produced in landfill depend on the characteristic and density of domestic solid waste in landfill. The composition of organic and inorganic waste and the density of waste pile will alter the CH4 content. This study focuses on measuring CH4 content of the solid waste with different density while also identifying the composition of disposed solid waste. The result indicates that the CH4 content ranges from 33% to 57.7% with 22.19% to 42.24% of CO2 and approximately 1.21% - 7.92% of O2. The presence of inorganic waste and density level of waste contribute to the decomposition rate and CH4 content.
Key words: Biogas / solid waste / landfill / methane
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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