E3S Web Conf.
Volume 73, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Energy, Environmental and Information System (ICENIS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||3|
|Section||Green Economic and Development|
|Published online||21 December 2018|
The Relationship Between Environmental Degradation, Poverty and Human Quality in Indonesia
1 Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Semarang and Doctoral Program in Economics, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
3 Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Corresponding author: email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Economic growth, environmental quality, and human quality affect each other. The economic growth which is driven primarily by industrialization and trade openness, degrades the environment. Meanwhile, the growth and environmental quality can affect human quality. This research analyzes those relationship by develop two panel econometrics models for 31 provinces in Indonesia during 2010-2015. The first model examines how the environmental quality, economic growth, poverty rate, population density, and global trade affect human development index as representation of human quality. The second model analyzes the effect of economic growth, human quality, population density, poverty, and global trade on environmental quality. This study finds that the economic growth, environmental quality and globalization affect human quality in Indonesia positively, while the poverty and population density affect negatively. The human quality have positive effect on environmental quality in Indonesia, while the economic growth, global trade, poverty and population density variables have the negative effect.
Key words: environmental degradation / environmental quality / human quality / economic liberalization / poverty
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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