E3S Web Conf.
Volume 85, 2019EENVIRO 2018 – Sustainable Solutions for Energy and Environment
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||22 February 2019|
Increasing the energy conversion efficiency for shrouded hydrokinetic turbines using experimental analysis on a scale model
National Institute for Research & Development in Electrical Engineering ICPE-CA, Splaiul Unirii 313, Bucharest, Romania
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The objective of the paper is to study the influence of certain shroud types suitable for horizontal axis hydrokinetic turbines using experimental testing in order to increase the energy conversion efficiency. The scale model of the shrouded hydrokinetic turbine is tested on a dedicated experimental bench for axial hydraulic turbine models. Two types of shrouds were tested in order to be compared: convergent shroud and divergent shroud. The rotor and shroud were made using 3D printer technology and were tested at a water velocity of 0.9 m/s on the closed-circuit testing bench. The testing facility allows the determination of the power extracted for each shroud at five distinct positions. Thus, the rotor can be moved within the shroud from inlet to outlet in order to establish the proper operating position. The mechanical power is measured using a torque transducer and an electromagnetic particle brake. The testing results will be analysed based on the variation of power curves obtained for different shroud types and operating positions. The optimum design and the best operating position will be recommended by comparing the testing result with the data collected from the bare turbine using the same rotor placed directly in free flow.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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