E3S Web Conf.
Volume 89, 2019The 2018 International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts (SCA 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||29 March 2019|
Spatially resolved wettability measurements using nmr wettability index
Green Imaging Technologies, Fredericton NB, Canada
* corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Wettability is a crucial petrophysical parameter for determining accurate production rates in oil and gas reservoirs. However, industry standard wettability measurements (Amott Test and USBM) are expensive and time consuming. It is known that NMR response varies as a function of wettability change in rock core plug samples. This information was used to develop an NMR wettability index (NWI) based on T2 distributions. This NWI is capable of measuring changes in wettability as a function of oil/water saturations unlike traditional methods which are based on measurements at Swi and Sor only. In addition, these oil/water saturations are determined without the aid of any special oil or brine, such as D2O. This allows the NMR method to nondestructively monitor changes in wettability in real time (i.e. during a flooding experiment or an aging procedure). In this work, we have coupled this T2-based NWI to spatially resolved T2 NMR measurements to monitor changes in wettability and saturation along rock core plugs. In order to derive an NMR wettability index, NMR T2 spectra of 100% brine saturated, 100% oil saturated, bulk oil and bulk brine are needed. These spectra are then mixed to give a predicted T2 spectrum which is compared (via a least squares fit) to a T2 spectrum recorded from a sample partially saturated with both water and oil and whose wettability is to be determined. For initial testing, three sandstone samples were employed along with 2% KCl brine and dodecane. To achieve sample states of mixed wettability, 100% brine saturated samples had dodecane pushed into them via centrifugation. Centrifugation at different speeds resulted in samples of varying bulk and spatial wettabilities from which NWI parameters and oil/water saturations were determined. The bulk wettabilities were compared to measurements done using the standard Amott test and oil/water saturations were confirmed by repeating experiments using NMR invisible D2O.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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