E3S Web Conf.
Volume 90, 20197th Conference on Emerging Energy and Process Technology (CONCEPT 2018)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||02 April 2019|
Hydrogen adsorption capacity using modified nickel-kenaf core at different concentrations
1 Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
In this study, surface chemistry modification of kenaf adsorbent in adsorptive hydrogen storage system was computationally investigated using Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and elemental dispersion X-ray (EDX) analysis, in which the suitability of the adsorbent was determined with detailed physicochemical characterisation analysis. The method used for surface modification was metal deposition method using Ni(NO3)2 with various concentrations at different levels of pressure (up to 6 bars). Based on this research, modified kenaf with 0.4 M Ni(NO3)2 and 2.559 m2 g-1 adsorbed up to 1.013 mmol g-1 of hydrogen compared to the raw kenaf with only 0.396 mmol g-1 of hydrogen adsorbed in 5 h. Two consecutive cycles of adsorption were carried out to show the delivery performance of hydrogen adsorptive storage. Thus, different adsorption ability between the modified kenaf and raw kenaf shows that Ni-metal on kenaf surface assists in hydrogen adsorption process.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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