E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Laboratory Experimental Techniques: Element Scale|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Development of a pore gas pressure transducer used in unsaturated soils at high water content
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen, 518055 Shenzhen, China
2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, HKSAR
3 Geotechnical Research Institute, Hohai University, 1 Xikang Road, 210098 Nanjing, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Pore gas pressure in soil is an important parameter in many geoscience applications such as evaluating the effects of trapped pore gas pressure on water infiltration through soil mass, optimizing the design of gas extraction wells in landfills and assessing the performance of landfill covers in reducing landfill gas emission. In addition, it has been observed that pore gas pressure affects slope stability in unsaturated soils. However, the pore gas pressure build-up induced by water infiltration is generally ignored in most slope stability analysis by assuming gas pressure to be zero. Therefore, pore gas pressure measurement in soils is crucial to better understand the unsaturated soil behaviour. However, most of current measuring techniques of pore gas pressure are affected by water interruption during the measurement in unsaturated soils, especially at high water content. In this study, a novel gas pressure transducer was developed to measure the pore gas pressure in unsaturated soil within a wide range of water content. The newly developed pore gas pressure transducer mainly consists of an electrical pressure sensor package and an integrated membrane filter which can prevent water leaching through the membrane but allow gas to pass it freely. The performance of the gas pressure transducer was evaluated by a series of permeation tests. The results show that the developed gas pressure transducer has a good repeatability to monitor gas pressure and has a relatively fast response to the gas pressure change in compacted soils. This transducer is able to measure pore gas pressure range of 0~50 kPa of soils within a relatively high range of soil water content.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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