E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Geomaterial Behaviour: Small Strain|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Small-strain deformation behaviour of a clay at frozen and unfrozen states: A comparative study
Hokkaido University, Faculty of Engineering, Japan
2 Hokkaido University, Graduate School of Engineering, Japan
3 Wuhan University, State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The small-strain deformation behaviour of frozen high-plasticity clay, and the factors influencing it were investigated through parallel tests at frozen and unfrozen states. The first and second series involved temperature-controlled triaxial compression tests on unfrozen and frozen samples, respectively, with accurate strain measurement with local displacement sensors, fully calibrated for cold environment. The small-strain loading was conducted at different axial strain rates and temperatures. At pre-yield small strains in order of 0.001%, Young's modulus was independent of the strain rate, in a same manner as in unfrozen soils. The strain rate only affected the onset of small-scale yielding and the degradation of stiffness after that. The elastic strain range was greater at lower temperature, but the degree of stress-strain non-linearity seen at small strains remained on the whole similar between frozen and unfrozen states. An interesting feature of the frozen clay's stiffness, also confirmed by third test series adopting bender elements, is that it decreases when the soil is frozen from higher effective stress. A simple model was proposed to explain this feature.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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