E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Geomaterial Behaviour: Small Strain|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Correlation between shear wave velocity and effective confining pressure using cyclic triaxial testing apparatus
Kyushu University, Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Fukuoka, Japan
2 Shandong University of Science and Technology, College of Earth Science and Engineering, P.R.China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes struck Kumamoto and Ōita regions and caused several devastating liquefaction induced damages. The primary damage was due to the extreme ground shaking of the foreshock and main shock sequence. Therefore, it is essential to develop a quick reliable approach with a high accuracy to assess the ground situation after foreshock or several shocks. Velocity of small shear wave (Vs) was widely used for evaluating the potential liquefaction. This study investigates the possibility of using Vs as a new indicator of the stress state in the soil after earthquake and evaluation of post liquefaction resistance of soil. Cyclic tri-axial apparatus equipped with bender elements were used to conduct two consecutives liquefaction tests on sandy soil. The Vs measured by bender elements was discussed on the relationship with effective stress during the liquefying processes. The results showed that for the sandy soils, a) Vs could not clearly reflect the significant reduction in resistance at re-liquefaction stages by directly comparing the Vs at the end of consolidation between first and stages, b) The shear wave velocity is significantly affected by effective confining pressure c) the shear wave velocity of 190 m/s was at confining pressure of 100 kPa. The shear wave velocity reaches to after 100 m/s after consolidations and re-consolidations. The shear wave velocity was found to reduce to 100 m/s when the effective confining stress reaches to 0 and to around 25 m/s when the double amplitude reaches to 5%; d) the velocity and effective stress decreases with a similar rate in liquefying process.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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