E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Geomaterial Behaviour: Strength, Critical State, Localisation|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Critical State Lines of Portuguese liquefiable sands
CONSTRUCT-GEO, Faculty of Engineering of University of Porto, Rua Dr Roberto Frias, s/n 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Critical State framework has been used to describe the behaviour of sands and study the liquefaction susceptibility of these soils when sheared in static and cyclic conditions. The ocean coast and some fluvial basins of Portugal are characterised by the presence of sandy deposits that, combined with a moderate to high seismic activity, creates the conditions for moderate to high liquefaction susceptibility. The aim of this work is to study and compare five Portuguese liquefiable alluvial sands, collected in the centre-south of the continental territory. The experimental programme included a complete physical identification of the five materials and a series of triaxial tests in drained conditions. The specimens were prepared at a high initial void ratio (loose), using the moist-tamping technique with an appropriate initial water content, reaching void ratios close or slightly higher than emax. The specimens were fully saturated, isotropically consolidated and statically sheared at constant strain rate until reaching the critical state. Shear wave velocities after consolidation were measured using bender elements. The critical state and small-strain stiffness parameters are discussed and compared, evidencing the differences between these soils. Relationships between some of these parameters and physical characteristics are obtained.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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