E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)
|Geomaterial Behaviour: Cyclic and Dynamic
|25 June 2019
Behaviour of a loose silty sand under static and cyclic loading conditions
Department of Civil and Water Engineering, Université Laval, Québec, Qc, Canada
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In recent years, considerable progress have been made in the study of liquefaction and flow failures with the introduction of the notion of steady-state of deformation and “collapse” envelope. These concepts are increasingly used in seismic stability analysis of slopes or embankments. However, as most of these studies were carried out on clean sands in the triaxial apparatus, one may question the general applicability of these results to practical conditions as several factors such as anisotropy, fines content, undrained strength anisotropy, boundary deformation conditions, stress history, etc. may play an important role. In this paper, the behaviour of the same soil, a loose silty sand, is compared for different loading and testing conditions: drained and undrained triaxial compression tests, drained and constant volume monotonic and cyclic direct simple shear (DSS) tests. Results allow to identify similarities and differences, in terms of undrained initial and steady-state shear strength and modes of undrained failure between triaxial and DSS test conditions and show that liquefaction in DSS cyclic tests is an instability triggered by shear failure developing once the friction corresponding to the characteristic envelope, as identified in the monotonic test, has been mobilized.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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