E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Treated Geomaterials: Chemical, Microbial, Electrokinetic|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Stiffness of lightly cemented sand under multiaxial loading
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Civil Engineering Department, Av. Osvaldo Aranha, 99, 90035-190, Brazil
2 University of Bristol, Civil Engineering Department, BS8 1TR University Walk, United Kingdom
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper presents experimental triaxial tests conducted on two lightly cemented sand samples on the set-up conditions of a Hollow Cylinder Torsional Apparatus (HCTA). The laboratory study has been carried out on an angular to sub-angular silica sand reinforced with Portland cement of high early strength. The samples have identical porosity/volumetric cement content ratio, η/Civ, values. The Young's modulus and shear modulus were measured by the application of a series of small unload-reload cycles at different investigation points along the triaxial stress path up to about 50% of the maximum deviatoric stress. At these investigation points, additional series of unload-reload cycles of higher amplitudes were also applied and the stiffness moduli assessed using local instrumentation. While the peak strength seems to be controlled by the density of the sand matrix, as extensive bond cementation damages occur at peak and pre-peak stages, the Young's modulus and shear modulus normalised by the void ratio function show the effect of the cementation ratio with higher values for the sample with higher cementation ratio.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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