E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Treated Geomaterials: Chemical, Microbial, Electrokinetic|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Preliminary tests on a microfluidic device to study pore clogging during biocementation
University of Lisbon, IST/CERIS, Portugal
2 University of Lisbon, INESC-MN, Lisbon, Portugal, IST, Portugal
3 University of Lisbon, iBB/IST, Portugal
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Soil improvement using ureolytic bacteria or other biological agents is a promising technique currently under investigation. It is based on the precipitation of calcium carbonate (biocement) due to the enzymatic hydrolysis of urea. The biocement produced clogs the soil pores, consequently bonding the soil grains and increasing overall strength and stiffness while reducing permeability. This study focused mainly on pore clogging effects. The effect of the enzyme and feeding solution concentrations was studied in small test tubes to find the maximum amount of precipitate found when changing the concentrations of both. Based on it, selected concentrations of enzyme and feeding solution were tested in a microfluidic device conceived to mimic a two-dimensional uniform porous size medium. Qualitatively, the amount of precipitate was proportional to that of the concentrations used. The location of the precipitate was clearly related with the direction of fluid flow during inoculation. These preliminary results highlight the fact that the use of alternative testing devices such as the one developed is a potential tool for the study of clogging phenomena occurring during this treatment.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.