E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Behaviour at Geotechnical Interfaces|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Modeling of shear stiffness reduction from database of axial load tests on pile foundations
Purdue University Fort Wayne, 2101 East Coliseum Boulevard, Fort Wayne, Indiana 46805-1499, USA
2 Georgia Institute of Technology, 790 Atlantic Drive, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Initiating at the small-strain shear modulus (Gmax), the mechanical nonlinear stress-strain-strength behavior of soil manifests in the form of modulus reduction, typically expressed in normalized form as Gop/Gmax. Here, Gop is the operative shear modulus – a reduced stiffness value corresponding to strain levels that the soil is experiencing. Assessment of Gop is critical to reliable predictions of load-related deformations within the soil. Among the various categories of loading, deep foundations and pilings exhibit a typical mechanism of axial load transfer to the foundation soil. For friction type piles, the stiffness reduction mostly takes place along the pile shaft-soil interface. Within the framework of an analytical solution, the back analyses from the results of load tests on pile foundations, together with the knowledge of pile geometries and soil parameters, provide an outline for evaluation of Gop at different load increments. This paper explains the methodology employed to develop stiffness reduction curves (Gop/Gmax) as a function of pseudo-strain (γp = wt/d), where, wt = settlement at the pile top, and d = pile diameter. Algorithms that integrate the plasticity characteristics of the soil are also presented. The results afford an improved evaluation of the complete nonlinear load-settlement (Q-wt) response for pile foundations under axial loads.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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