E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Discrete Element Modelling|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Particle-scale insight into transitional behaviour of gap-graded materials – small-strain stiffness and frequency response
The University of Tokyo, Institute of Industrial Science, Tokyo, Japan
2 Moscow State University, Faculty of Geology, Moscow, Russia
3 Imperial College London, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UK
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study aims to develop a fundamental understanding of the role of fine particles on the small-strain stiffness of gap-graded granular soils. Stiffness was measured using cyclic triaxial probes, which give a measure of static stiffness, and dynamic wave propagation data, from which the dynamic stiffness can be measured. Assemblies of loosely packed spherical particles were considered. In the laboratory, local deformation transducers were used to measure the static stiffness, while the dynamic stiffness was calculated from stress wave velocities, measured using planar piezoelectric elements. To relate the particle-scale responses to the overall soil stiffness, complementary discrete element method (DEM) simulations were performed in which both static and dynamic stiffnesses were measured. Both the laboratory and the DEM data indicate that at low fines contents (< 30%) the stiffness decreases with increasing fines content. When the fines content increases from 30% to 35% there is a sharp increase in stiffness with increasing fines content; this is understood to mark the transition point at which the fines start to contribute significantly to the overall behaviour. Analyses of the frequency domain response of shear wave signals revealed that the lowpass frequency increases significantly at this transition point. This observation can be used to develop experimental interpretation protocols to assess to what extent fines are contributing to the overall soil stiffness.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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