E3S Web Conf.
Volume 97, 2019XXII International Scientific Conference “Construction the Formation of Living Environment” (FORM-2019)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Hydrotechnical Construction and Melioration|
|Published online||29 May 2019|
Numerical solution of filtration in porous rock
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The filtration problem is one of the most relevant in the design of retaining hydraulic structures, water supply channels, drainage systems, in the drainage of the soil foundation, etc. Construction of transport tunnels and underground structures requires careful study of the soil properties and special work to prevent dangerous geological processes. The model of particle transport in the porous rock, which is based on the mechanical-geometric interaction of particles with a porous medium, is considered in the paper. The suspension particles pass freely through large pores and get stuck in small pores. The deposit concentration increases, the porosity and the permissible flow of particles through large pores changes. The model of one-dimensional filtration of a monodisperse suspension in a porous medium with variable porosity and fractional flow through accessible pores is determined by the quasi-linear equation of mass balance of suspended and retained particles and the kinetic equation of deposit growth. This complex system of differential equations has no explicit analytical solution. An equivalent differential equation is used in the paper. The solution of this equation by the characteristics method yields a system of integral equations. Integration of the resulting equations leads to a cumbersome system of transcendental equations, which has no explicit solution. The system is solved numerically at the nodes of a rectangular grid. All calculations are performed for non-linear filtration coefficients obtained experimentally. It is shown that the solution of the transcendental system of equations and the numerical solution of the original hyperbolic system of partial differential equations by the finite difference method are very close. The obtained solution can be used to analyze the results of laboratory research and to optimize the grout composition pumped into the porous soil.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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