E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Geological Evolution of Water-Rock System: Mechanisms, Processes, Factors, Stages. The Session Dedicated to Stepan Shvartsev’s Memory|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
High chloride, sulphate and fluoride concentrations in clay-rich aquitard porewater, the North China Plain: evidence of geochemical behavior
Key Laboratory of Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China
2 State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
3 National Centre for Groundwater Research & Training, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The focus of this investigation was to constrain the porewater chemistry from tracer and ion profiles in a 128 m thick clay-rich sequence of Quaternary sediments comprising the clay, silt and fine sand formation in the North China Plain. Porewater are much more saline (1.1-71.0 g/L) than the lower confined groundwaters (0.3-1.3g/L). Chloride profiles from aqueous extraction (AE) (ranging from 117 to 3260 mg/L) generally keep good consistent with that obtained from squeezing test (ST). However, the sulphate and fluoride concentrations by AE (ranging from 340 to 48,700 mg/L and from 8.8 to 144 mg/L, respectively) are far greater than that by ST. Dissolution of evaporites may be responsible for the high Cl/Br ratios greater than 1000, probably indicating recharge occurred during much wetter periods. The original stable isotopic and chemical compositions in the aquitard porewater have been modified by transpiration and evaporation processes concentrating Cl and causing isotopic enrichment during their formation periods. Dissolution of fluorite, hieratite, and cryolite caused by weathering behavior and ion-exchange reactions should be responsible for the high fluoride concentrations in the aquitard porewater. High sulphate levels found in aqueous samples may arise from pyrite oxidation during sampling, storage and/or porewater extraction procedure.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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