E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Water-Rock Interaction, Experimental Geochemistry|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Microfluidic measurement of the dissolution rate of gypsum in water using the reactive infiltration-instability
Institut des Sciences de la Terre d'Orleans, 1A rue de la Férollerie 45100 Orléans, France
2 Institute of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 5, 02-093 Warszawa, Poland
3 Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kasprzaka 44/52, 01-224, Warsaw, Poland
* Corresponding author: Piotr.Szymczak@fuw.edu.pl
We present an original method for measuring the intrinsic dissolution rate of gypsum. We use a simple microfluidic setup, with a gypsum block inserted between two polycarbonate plates, which is dissolved by water. By changing the flow rate and the distance between the plates, we can scan a wide range of Péclet and Damköhler numbers, characterizing the relative magnitude of advection, diffusion and reaction in the system. We find the dissolution to be unstable, with a formation of a characteristic fingering pattern. The dissolution rate can then be calculated from the initial wavelength of this pattern. Alternatively, it can also be estimated from the time it takes for the gypsum chip to get completely dissolved near the inlet channel. The method presented here is general and can be used to assess the dissolution rates of other minerals.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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