E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Geochemical Cycles of Elements and Global Environmental Changes|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Factors that influence the spatial distribution of heavy metals in soil of the Yutian County, Xinjiang, China
College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi, 830052, P.R.China
2 Xinjiang Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering Research Center, Urumqi, 830052, P.R.China
3 Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Science and Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P.R.China
In this study, 1165 surface soil samples for heavy metal analysis were collected in the Yutian County, Xinjiang, China. The factors that influence the spatial distribution of heavy metal elements in soils in the study area were analyzed by means of multivariate statistical analysis, geostatistics, spatial autocorrelation, spatial analysis and GIS technology. Results show that among 1165 soil samples, three of which had As contents greater than the risk screening values. The theoretical models for variation function of Cd and Pb were exponential model, while the theoretical models for variation function of Hg, As, Cr, Cu, Ni and Zn were spherical model. Nugget value of Cd was less than 25%, indicated a relatively strong spatial correlation. Nugget value of other elements ranged between 25% and 50%, indicated significant spatial correlations. The spatial autocorrelation Moran's I index of soil heavy metal contents in the Yutian County was greater than 0. There was a positive spatial correlation distribution in the county scale. The spatial distribution of soil heavy metal contents in the Yutian County showed a general decreasing trend from the center of the study area to surrounding areas. Distribution of soil heavy metal contents in the Yutian County varied in different parent materials, soil types and land use patterns. Hg, As, Pb, Cr, Cu, Ni and Zn in soil derived from the same source, contents of which were affected by soil texture.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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