E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Geochemistry of Natural Waters: From Atmospheric Precipitations to Deep Brines|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Geochemical characterization of components of the groundwater flow system in the basin of Mexico
Posgrado en Ciencias de la tierra, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510, Ciudad de México, Mexico
2 Departamento de Dinámica Terrestre y Superficial, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510, Ciudad de México, Mexico
3 Centro del Agua para América Latina y el Caribe. Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Monterrey, 64849, Nuevo León, Mexico
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
More than 21 million people live within the Basin of Mexico. Water is the main concern of this large population, where groundwater has been intensively exploited, leading to subsidence and fracturing of the ground. It is for this reason that it’s very important to understand the behavior of groundwater flow system components. This knowledge can help to more effectively manage water use and conserve the recharge zones. The main purpose of this study is to identify and characterize the components of groundwater flow system. Cluster analysis was used to classify 303 groundwater samples into groups. The groups show that chemical concentrations increase along the trajectories of groundwater flow. We describe these groups and identify three components in the flow system; the upper zone, the intermediate zone and the inferior zone. Different water management policies are suggested for each system component, because they have different response times to the actions taken in their use and conservation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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