E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Water-Rock Interaction Controlling Water Quality and Human Health Issues|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Water defluoridation by carbonate calcined and uncalcined Layered Double Hydroxides (LDHs)
Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences, University of Cagliari, 09127 Cagliari, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Carbonate Layered Double Hydroxides (LDHs) with different cationic composition and M2+/M3+ molar ratio were tested, both untreated and calcined, for water defluoridation. The defluoridation capacity of calcined LDHs, produced by intercalation during the reconstruction of lamellar structure, is more effective than the anion exchange of untreated LDHs. Among the calcined LDHs tested, that with 3Mg/(0.5Al+0.5Fe) molar ratio yields a maximum fluoride sorption capacity up to 92.3 mg/g, in spite of the high pH value (up to 12) of the experiments. After four cycles of regeneration by calcination and subsequent water defluoridation, this LDH composition maintains more than 80% of its fluoride removal capacity.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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