E3S Web Conf.
Volume 98, 201916th International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction (WRI-16) and 13th International Symposium on Applied Isotope Geochemistry (1st IAGC International Conference)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Applied Isotope Geochemistry|
|Published online||07 June 2019|
Origin of brines and modern water circulation contribution to Qarhan salt lake in Qaidam basin, Tibetan plateau
Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 611756, China
2 Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Science, Shijiazhuang 050061, China
3 Bureau of Qinghai Environmental Geological Prospecting, Xining 810007, China
4 Xi'an Center of Geological Survey, China Geological Survey, Xi'an 710054, China
5 School of Water Resources and Environment, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
6 School of Water Conservancy and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China
* Corresponding author. E-mail address: email@example.com
Lake Qarhan is the largest salt lake and potassium salt resource mining base in china. Understanding the origin of brines and the contribution of modern water circulation is extremely important to the sustainable development of the salt lake. Comprehensive tools including isotope, hydrochemistry and numerical simulation had been performed. Results suggest that brine groundwater in the salt lake area is the result of ancient brines migrated from the western Qaidam Basin due to the uplift of the western basin in the geological past. Shallow phreatic aquifers in the salt lake area are also recharged by the modern surface water in the flood period. The contribution of modern groundwater circulation to the salt lake area is very limited with only 3% of the total quantity of groundwater discharge for the watershed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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