E3S Web Conf.
Volume 99, 2019Central Asian DUst Conference (CADUC 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Atmospheric dust at its sink regions|
|Published online||18 June 2019|
Impact of the Aral Sea Syndrome - the Aralkum as a Man-Made Dust Source
University of Marburg, Department of Geography, 35037 Marburg, Germany
2 Kazakh Research Institute for Ecology and Climate, 480072 Almaty, Kazakhstan
3 UZHYDROMET, Hydrometeorological Research Institute (NIGMI), 100052 Tashkent, Uzbekistan
4 Korea University, Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, 02841 Seoul, South Korea
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ground based dust monitoring is an important tool for the long-term monitoring of aeolian sediment transport in Central Asia as it provides valuable insights into the spatial and temporal dynamics of dust deposition as well as grants access to the transported material for further analyses. Between 2006 and 2012 such a monitoring was carried out in the Turan lowland to analyze the effects of the newly formed Aralkum. The detected spatial and temporal dust deposition variability was significant and encourages further studies. The dust deposition increased over time, which correlates with a decreasing trend in precipitation, increasing wind speeds and a shift towards northern winds. More than 50% of all dust samples collected exceed the health based deposition threshold and the most intense dust storm events reached ground level deposition rates of up to 150 g/m2 per hour. This study showed the impact of the Aralkum, but also that the Kyzylkum is a far more active dust source. With regard to climate change and an increasing aridity in the region it can be expected that the aeolian dust transport will continue to increase, making a wide-spread monitoring program even more important.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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