E3S Web Conf.
Volume 99, 2019Central Asian DUst Conference (CADUC 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Impacts of atmospheric dust|
|Published online||18 June 2019|
Contrasting variation in aerosol optical properties during dust episodes in the Middle East and Southwest Asia: Model results and ground measurement
Department of Physics, University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
2 Department of Meteorology, COMSATS University Islamabad, Pakistan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Dust storms deteriorated air quality over the Gulf Region, Iraq, Iran, and Pakistan during the last decade. The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes in aerosol optical and radiative properties during a dust episode over the various locations in the Middle East and Southwest Asia using data from the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) during March, 2012. Maximum aerosol optical depth (AOD) values were found to be 2.18, 1.30, 4.33 and 1.80 over Lahore, Kanpur, Kaust, and Mezaira, respectively. The Volume Size Distributions, Single Scattering Albedo, Refractive Index, and Asymmetry parameter indicated that coarse mode aerosols were predominant relative to fine mode aerosols during the dust event. The average shortwave aerosol radiative forcing (ARF) values at the earth’s surface were found to be -96±45 W m-2, -86±22 W m-2, -77±51 W m-2, and -75±40 W m-2, over Lahore, Kanpur, Kaust and Mezaira, respectively. Likewise, the averaged ARF values over Lahore, Kanpur, Kaust and Mezaira at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) were found to be -45±25 W m-2, -27±9 W m-2, -41±29 W m-2, and -75±40 W m-2, respectively. The large differences between surface and TOA forcing produced significant heating within the atmosphere.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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