E3S Web Conf.
Volume 108, 2019Energy and Fuels 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||05 July 2019|
The selection of optimal conditions for the process of obtaining humic acid from brown coal
Poznan University of Technology, Faculty of Transport Engineering, Institute of Machines and Motor Vehicles
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The type of plant substance from which brown coal is formed and the conditions in which it forms largely influence its characteristics and properties. On account of a lower degree of coalification and calorific value compared to hard coal and a high content of humic substances, brown coal is becoming a valuable fertiliser component. Humic acids contained in brown coal are also found in the soil’s humus substances, and their beneficial sorptive and complexing properties are a factor speaking in favour of their use both in agriculture and in other branches of the economy. The article presents the manner of preparing a sample of brown coal in order to determine the content of humic acid intended in particular for use in making chemical fertilisers and for other applications, particularly in agriculture. The optimum conditions in which the amount of humic acid in the sample is the highest were determined. The influence of the proportions of water, KOH, and brown coal, temperature, and mixing time on the solubility of the sample of brown coal was analysed. The solutions were mixed in mixers built especially for this purpose. The solubility of brown coal in the prepared solutions was controlled UV-ViS spectrophotometrically.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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