E3S Web Conf.
Volume 110, 2019International Science Conference SPbWOSCE-2018 “Business Technologies for Sustainable Urban Development”
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Energy Efficiency in the Construction|
|Published online||09 August 2019|
Factors to improve the efficiency of a vertical screw mixer of bulk materials
1 Institute of service sector and entrepreneurship (branch) of Don State Technical University, Russian Federation
2 Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper shows that it is possible to increase the efficiency of a vertical screw mixer of bulk materials and reduce costs by determining the required size of the feeding hole in the lower part of the casing, as well as by installing a screw flange with a reverse winding in relation to the screw spiral inside the screw casing and by installing a replaceable tip with a variable lead angle at the lower end of the screw. The analysis of the process of screw loading in the hopper allowed us to obtain an analytical dependence to determine the required size of the feeding hole, in which mixed materials freely enter the screw spiral. It is proved that the placement of the screw flange on the inner surface of the casing increases the driving force of material by 1.05 – 1.80 times depending on the screw speed, which significantly reduces specific energy consumption for preparation of mixture of the desired quality. The paper provides the formula for calculating the angle of installation of the flange with respect to the screw spiral, in which the maximum effect of the flange on the mixed materials is obtained. In order to ensure the effective capture of mixed materials in the loading zone of the screw, it is proposed to perform the first spiral turn from the lower end of the screw with a variable lead angle and place it on a replaceable tip. A technical solution to the placement of spirals on the double-threaded screw is also proposed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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