E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Indoor Environment Quality and Others|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Effects on the Ventilation of a Two-Storey Building under Different Thermal Conditions
RWTH Aachen University, E.ON Energy Research Center, Institute for Energy Efficient Buildings and Indoor Climate, Germany
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this paper it is shown how the air flow rate of decentralized ventilation devices can be affected by a staircase of a two-storey building under different thermal conditions. Since these devices need local fans for supplying the requested volume flow, pressure loads have a significant impact on the delivered volume flow rates. Regarding this, the study comprises two analyses: First, a CFD-model is developed to simulate the ventilation air flow through a simplified staircase. By varying parameters for rooms’ temperature and ventilation direction, the hydrostatic pressure in the staircase is evaluated. The simulations – characterized by high Archimedes numbers – are successfully validated with findings from preliminary work. In a second part, the pressure conditions inside the staircase are referred to outside conditions. Consequently, a static pressure difference at the ventilation device on each storey can be observed.
We found that the deliverable volume air flow rate can decrease up to 10 % from the nominal flow rate due to temperature differences between the storeys and outside. Therefore, heat recovery and ventilation effectiveness may also be impaired.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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