E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||High Energy Performance and Sustainable Buildings|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Experimental investigation of the wind direction influence on the cooling of photovoltaic panels integrated in double skin façades
“Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iaşi, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Building Services, Romania
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper presents a wind tunnel experimental investigation of a small-scale building model (1:30). The main objective of the study is to determine the influence of the reference wind direction over the ventilation inside the double skin façade (DSF) channel. The analyzed system consists of a building equipped with photovoltaic panels as the exterior glazing of DSF. The tests were achieved by conceiving and implementation of an experimental program using a wind tunnel with atmospheric boundary layer. The aim is to determine with acceptable probability the velocities that can be reached in the ventilated façade channel during the warm season and to establish a correlation between the external reference velocity magnitude and direction and the velocity field generated inside the channel of the façade. Measurements were carried out for the reference wind speed, total, dynamic and static pressure both in the reference point and inside the façade channel. The results of the investigation highlighted the correlation between the velocity and direction of the reference wind and the dynamics of the air movement inside the double skin façade. The measurements showed that for the analyzed configuration of the double skin façade, there is an optimal wind direction that ensures the best cooling effect to photovoltaic panels. Also, the convective heat transfer coefficients were determined under these conditions. The decrease of the photovoltaic panel’s temperature determines a raise of its efficiency and generated power.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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