E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||High Energy Performance and Sustainable Buildings|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Effect of external solar shading usage on energy consumption and thermal comfort in the student dormitory in Niš
1 Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Niš, Serbia
2 Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Niš, Serbia
3 Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Niš, Serbia
4 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Niš, Serbia
5 Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Niš, Serbia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
External fixed shadings are largely used to provide solar protection for building glazed surfaces. They are reducing heat gains and sensational visual discomfort caused by excessive daylighting. This paper presents a comparative study on external aluminium fixed shadings used on a student dormitory on different orientations and different slat angles. The purpose is to determine which slat angles are best to use in different orientations, from the point of view of energy consumption, thermal comfort, and daylighting. An analysis of annual energy consumption of the student dormitory was performed by using the software EnergyPlus, whereas the model of the building was created using SketchUp and OpenStudio software. Then, a parametric study was carried out by changing slat angles and building orientations, in order to find the best-balanced results with no occupant discomfort and possible energy savings. Results have shown that by considering the most balanced results between energy savings and thermal comfort, the best angles of the slats are from 105˚ to 120˚ on the south side, and from 45˚ to 75˚ on the east and west sides. By installing external shading devices, indoor thermal conditions are improving and may lead to significant energy savings, compared to a building without shading devices.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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