E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||High Energy Performance and Sustainable Buildings, Simulation models and predictive tools for the buildings HVAC, IEQ and energy|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Occupant behaviour and thermal comfort in buildings: Monitoring the end user
1 Department of the Built Environment, Unit Building Physics and Services, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands,
2 Huygen Engineers & Consultants B.V., Maastricht, The Netherlands
3 Maastricht University Medical Center+, Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht, The Netherlands,
4 The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, Unit Defense, Safety and Security, Dep. of Training & Performance Innovations, Soesterberg, The Netherlands
5 Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Heerlen, The Netherlands
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Studies indicate that the energy performance gap between real and calculated energy use can be explained for 80% by occupant behaviour. This human factor may be composed of routine and thermoregulatory behaviour. When occupants do not feel comfortable due to high or low operative temperatures and resulting high or low skin temperatures, they are likely to exhibit thermoregulatory behaviour. The aim of this study is to monitor and understand this thermoregulatory behaviour of the occupant. This is a detailed study of two females living in a rowhouse in the city of Heerlen (Netherlands). During a monitoring period of three weeks over a time span of three months the following parameters were monitored: activity level, clothing, micro climate, skin temperatures and thermal comfort and sensation. Their micro climate was measured at five positions on the body to assess exposed near body conditions and skin temperature. Every two hours they filled in a questionnaire regarding their thermal comfort and sensation level (7-point scale), clothing, activities and thermoregulatory behaviour. The most comfortable (optimal) temperature was calculated for each person by adopting a biophysical model, a thermoneutral zone model. This study shows unique indivual comfort patterns in relation to ambient conditions. An example is given how this information can be used to calculate the buildings energy comsumption.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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