E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Sustainable Urbanization and Energy System Integration|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Partial load efficiency analysis of a CCHP plant with RICE and H2O-LiBr absorption chiller
CAMBI Research Center, Technical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest, Romania
This paper presents a model for calculating and analyzing the global efficiency of a trigeneration system (CCHP) using 3 reciprocating internal combustion engines (RICE) as prime mover for heat and electric loads. RICE operate simultaneously and at the same load. The CCHP plant delivering energy for the office buildings of an economic operator includes also 2 absorption chillers with water-lithium bromide solution for air conditioning. The system has been analyzed for RICE partial load operation mode, linking the thermal energy output to the cooling power generation. The amount of thermal energy production is influenced by the required energy for cooling. The total cooling load in the summer is determined by both the indoor office-rooms cooling load and the data center cooling load (the energy dissipated by the data center’s components and electrical circuits). An vapor-compression chiller is operated for cooling peak load. During yearly thermal load variation, RICE are switched on or off, operate at nominal capacity or in partial load mode. The thermal efficiency of each engine changes according to the demanded heating load, determining the global efficiency variation of the trigeneration system.. The electrical efficiency of the system is also dependent on the RICE operating load that leads the electric generators. The EER factor for the absorption chillers results accordingly at partial or nominal load operating mode. The functioning graphics for each system equipment were developed based on the thermal load curve of the RICEs and the global efficiency variation graph of the trigeneration system was plotted. Finally, conclusions resulted regarding the optimal functioning of the studied trigeneration system.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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