E3S Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2019CLIMA 2019 Congress
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Sustainable Urbanization and Energy System Integration|
|Published online||13 August 2019|
Local and general ventilation system for an operating room with surgeons and patient
1 CAMBI Research Center, Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, 021414, Bucharest, Romania
2 Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Faculty of Building Services, 021414, Bucharest, Romania
3 Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 400020, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of this study is to determine how the air flow from a unidirectional air flow (UAF) system and a local ventilation system will interact with each other. The study analyzes the air circulation near the operating table at different air flow velocities from both systems. The air flow velocities correspond to the usual range of velocities recommended by norms and guidelines. The research was approached by numerical and experimental studies. The thermal plume of the occupants (patient and surgeon) were measured by Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and thermography (IR). The results of the measurements were compared with the results from the numerical case. A mesh independence study was carried out for the numerical case. The study showed that velocities ≥0.2 m/s from the UAF, depending on the height of the room, can overcome the thermal plume generated by a human subject with a moderate activity (100÷120W). The velocities from the local ventilation system need to be higher with at least one step, in accordance with the distance from the ventilation system to the operating wound, in order to avoid disturbances generated from the UAF system.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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