E3S Web Conf.
Volume 112, 20198th International Conference on Thermal Equipment, Renewable Energy and Rural Development (TE-RE-RD 2019)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||20 August 2019|
A review on phytoremediation as an ecological method for in situ clean up of heavy metals contaminated soils
INMA Bucharest, Branch Cluj-Napoca, 59 Al. Vaida Voievod Str., Cluj Napoca, Romania
2 INMA Bucharest, 6 Ion Ionescu de la Brad Bd., Bucharest 1, Romania
3 IBA Bucharest, 5 Baneasa Ancuta, Bucharest 2, Romania
4 INCDPM Bucharest, 294 Splaiul Independentei, Bucharest 6, Romania
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Heavy metals are among the most common types of contaminants in agricultural soils, especially those bordering the cities, due to the uncontrolled use of sewage sludge, compost, mining waste and chemical fertilizers. Excessive accumulation of heavy metals, which do not degrade over time, adversely affects crop yields by decreasing microbial activity and fertility of contaminated soils. Also, excess of heavy metals in the soil poses a serious threat to plant and animal health and, through their entry into the food chain, to human health. For this reason, the decontamination of soils contaminated with heavy metals has become a necessity. This review presents the current state of phytoremediation research as the most cost-effective method of in-situ environmental decontamination of soils contaminated with heavy metals.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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