E3S Web Conf.
Volume 116, 2019International Conference on Advances in Energy Systems and Environmental Engineering (ASEE19)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||24 September 2019|
The effect of anionic surfactants on aeroponic cultivation of lettuce in space applications
Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Wyb. Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370, Wroclaw, Poland
2 Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Wyb. Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370, Wroclaw, Poland
3 Poznan University of Life Sciences, Department of Plant Nutrition, ul. Zgorzelecka 4, 60-198 Poznan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Design of efficient and robust life support systems will require huge effort. In closed systems such as future extra-terrestrial colonies or spaceships, all produced wastes will have to be perfectly purified and all resources will have to be recovered. This isn’t possible now even in life support systems built on Earth. Future extra-terrestrial closed life support system will have to be robust and simple as possible to decrease risk of failure and transport costs. One of the attempts to simplify the treatment of wastes is to use greywater as water source in soil-less cultivation without pretreatment. In this paper results of two lab-scale aeroponic experiments are shown. These experiments were aimed at determining possibility of using grey water directly as water source for aeroponic cultivation of lettuce. Two surfactants (SBDS,SMCT) with concentrations varying from 0.08 to 1.5 g/L and model grey water (containing SLES surfactant) were tested. Experiments shown that high concentrations of SBDS and SMCT are detrimental for lettuce growth while similar concentration of SLES inhibit but do not stop lettuce growth. With lower concentrations of surfactants growth of lettuce is possible. Moreover results shows decrease in surfactants mass in model grey water used as nutrient solution which may indicate development of bacteria in root zone that are able to use surfactants as substrates.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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