E3S Web Conf.
Volume 124, 2019International Scientific and Technical Conference Smart Energy Systems 2019 (SES-2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Energy Systems and Complexes|
|Published online||25 October 2019|
Effect of preparation of wood raw materials and some processing modes on the output of liquid pyrolysis products
Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Today, the limitations of traditional energy sources based on oil, natural gas and coal are becoming obvious. Therefore, the search for new sources of energy is a pressing issue both for modern Russia and for the whole world. The alternative sources of energy, based on the use of bioenergy of biomass, begin to play a significant and growing role in the world energy industry. The article presents the curves of changes in the mass yield of products obtained during the pyrolysis of biomass, thermally pre-treated in the temperature range of 180-270 °C without access of oxygen. It has been experimentally proved that pre-heat treatment reduced the total liquid yield in the pyrolysis process: with an increase in the processing temperature, the mass yield of the liquid decreased, but the mass yield of charcoal and gas changed slightly. At the same time, it was found that the temperature affected the yield of the elemental composition of biomass: as the temperature increased, the content of elemental carbon in the biomass increased, while the content of hydrogen and oxygen decreased. It is concluded that the preliminary heat treatment of biomass can improve the quality of the final liquid biofuel by reducing the water content in it and by increasing the heat of combustion. It is also found that pressure reduction during the pyrolysis process increased the yield of the liquid fraction of decomposition products.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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