E3S Web Conf.
Volume 125, 2019The 4th International Conference on Energy, Environment, Epidemiology and Information System (ICENIS 2019)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||28 October 2019|
Variations of Land Surface Temperature and Its Relationship with Land Cover and Changes in IPB Campus, Dramaga Bogor 2013-2018
1 Bachelor Program of The Department of Geography, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Indonesia, 16424 Depok, Indonesia
2 Department of Geography, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Indonesia, 16424 Depok, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
At the present time university can be called "small cities" due to their size of area, population and various kinds of activities. Bogor Agricultural University is a campus that can represent a city in smaller scope with a high variety of land cover. Further, the variation of land cover will affect the surface temperature variation. This study aims to determine spatial pattern of land surface temperature variation and relationship with land cover and also the changes. The data used in this study generated from Landsat 8 imagery and field surveys, then analyze using spatial and statistical analysis tools. The results show temperature has a spatial pattern associated with the land cover. Where the highest temperature tends to be located in the central region in the form of a built-up area and the lowest temperature tends to be located in northern region in the form of forest area. The highest increase in temperature tends to appear in the area that shows changes from vegetation to built-up area. Moreover, this study also found that this phenomenon only appears with temperature value were 7ºC greater than the increase in temperature on a similar land cover. Finally, this study proves that the higher vegetation density will create a lower temperature of land surface, while the higher building density creates a higher land surface temperature.
Key words: Land Surface Temperature / Land Cover / NDVI / NDBI
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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