E3S Web Conf.
Volume 125, 2019The 4th International Conference on Energy, Environment, Epidemiology and Information System (ICENIS 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||28 October 2019|
Environmental Factors Supporting Mangrove Ecosystem in Semarang-Demak Coastal Area
1 Ph.D Program of Environmental Studies, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Semarang State University, Semarang - Indonesia
3 Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
4 Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
5 School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Semarang - Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Since the 1990s, the Semarang-Demak coastal area experienced abrasion. To protect abrasion, there have been many attempts such as planting mangroves, in which its development has shown success. The purpose of this study was to analyze environmental factors that play a role in the growth of mangroves ecosystem in the Semarang-Demak coastal area. Mangrove data were obtained by field studies using the transect method in three coastal areas. Each station is determined by the next station with five plots of size 20 m x 20 m. Data on supporting environmental factors are measured in each area including temperature, salinity, pH, light intensity, nutrients, and rainfall. Based on the results of analysis and calculations, the order of important values from large to small is A. marina, A. alba, R. mucronata, S. casseolaris, and R. stylosa, while environmental factors still fulfill mangrove growth. However, it needs to be aware of the increase in waves and temperatures that could threaten the survival of mangroves.
Key words: Environmental factor / mangrove / coastal area / Semarang-Demak
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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