E3S Web Conf.
Volume 131, 20192nd International Conference on Biofilms (ChinaBiofilms 2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||19 November 2019|
Recent Progress of Membrane Distillation Technology Applied in Desalination
Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California, 3551 Trousdale Pkwy, University Park, Los Angeles, CA 90007
Membrane distillation (MD), as a biphasic separation method, has promising application prospect in seawater and brackish water desalination with desirable properties such as low energy consumption, cost-effective and high salt rejection, which has attracted more attention from researchers to explore its potential. In this paper, we summarize the operating mechanism and typical configurations of MD. Recent advances in three main research directions, including reforming membrane material, optimizing separation process and changing power source, are briefly overviewed. Additionally, challenges of future studies in MD are discussed at the end of this review, which purports to provide a reference for further development.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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