E3S Web Conf.
Volume 133, 2019AG 2019 – 5th International Conference on Applied Geophysics
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Application of Geophysical Methods|
|Published online||25 November 2019|
The informativeness of roof tremor hazard analysis based on seismic measurements and analytical modelling
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mining and Geoengineering, Kraków, Al. Mickiewicza 30, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rock bursts are a common hazard in Polish hard-coal mines. Their magnitude depends on the state of stress in the mining area, and on underground mining-induced seismicity. Both long-term and ongoing as-sessments of the capacity of the rock mass to generate tremors are based on geological and mining surveys, rock property measurements (in laborato-ries and in-situ) and observations involving signs of rock mass pressure, supported by available concepts applicable to geomechanical and geophys-ical measurements. These include seismic measurements, including profil-ing, scanning, passive/active geotomography and analytical techniques. This paper presents a comparative analysis involving exemplary results provided by both seismic and analytical methods for a selected panel in one of Upper Silesian Coal Basin (USCB) mines. For the purposes of our seismic measurements, we employed seismic tomography for the ge-otomographic reconstruction of velocity fields. Subsequently, we com-pared the results with the results of analytical modelling of rock stresses that relied on classical engineering solutions applicable to problems of me-chanics of deformable bodies. The tremor hazard analysis was based on observations of changes in P-wave velocity distributions in the coal seam environment relative to the evolution of the vertical stress concentration factor at the level of a potentially seismogenic roof layer.
Key words: underground mining / rockburst hazard / seismic tomography
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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