E3S Web Conf.
Volume 135, 2019Innovative Technologies in Environmental Science and Education (ITESE-2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||04 December 2019|
Changes in the activity of adenosine deaminase and the content of polyamines in the blood of cats with breast cancer
Southern Federal University, pr/ Stachki 194/1, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
2 Rostov State Medical University, Nakhichevansky Lane 29, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
3 National Medical University of Maxim Gorky, Illyica Ave 16, Donetsk, Ukraine
4 Don State Technical University, sq. Gagarina, 1, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In this work, the clinical significance of changes in the activity of adenosine deaminase (ADA) and the content of polyamines in the blood plasma of cats with breast cancer was studied. There were examined 30 cats aged 1 to 20 years, operated on in veterinary clinics due to spontaneous neoplasms. Histological studies of surgical material were performed to establish nosological forms of the tumor. The results of the measurements showed that there were no significant differences between ADA activity in the blood plasma of cats diagnosed with invasive nonspecific carcinoma and ADA activity in the blood of healthy animals. In the plasma of animals diagnosed with fibroadenomatous breast hyperplasia, ADA activity was reduced by 35% compared with the control group. The content of putrescine in the red blood cells of cats with benign neoplasms of the mammary gland (fibroepithelial hyperplasia) was statistically significantly increased 5 times compared with the control group. In malignant neoplasms of the mammary gland (invasive non-specific carcinoma, tubular cancer and fibrosarcoma), the content of putrescine and spermine in the blood significantly exceeded the control values by 60 and 10 times, respectively, compared with the control group. Thus, the data obtained indicate the possibility of using polyamines in order to improve the accuracy of diagnosis and treatment of cats with breast cancer. The determination of ADA activity in the blood plasma of cats with breast tumors in the early stages of cancer is not an informationally significant indicator as a tumor biomarker.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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