E3S Web Conf.
Volume 135, 2019Innovative Technologies in Environmental Science and Education (ITESE-2019)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Green Architecture and Sustainable Urban Design|
|Published online||04 December 2019|
Biosensors application for the life systems quality in a smart city
Astrakhan state university of architecture and civil engineering, CAD&M department, Astrakhan, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article shows that the smart city management systems requires continuous monitoring of environmental parameters (air, soil and water quality, temperature, humidity, toxic impurities, etc.) and the placement of a large number of different sensors, among which biosensors occupy a leading position. The study analyzed patent documents for leading countries of the world (Great Britain, France, Japan, Germany, USA, Russia) and it showed a steady increase in the number of patents on biosensors. The reasons for the growth and continuous expansion of the scope of biosensors are: cost reduction, increased durability, speed, reliability, accuracy and sensitivity; increase in their functionality. The article presents a classification of biosensors indicating the percentage of patents by type of transducer and the number of patents by bioselective elements, as well as a description of an automated system for the synthesis of new biosensor designs based on the energy-information method. Paper is given the resulting solution can be used as a skeletal structure to create new biosensors, or improved using the knowledge base on techniques for improving the technical and operational characteristics of physical and technical effects.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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